Английский язык

Уровень Advanced в английском языке

Если вы знаете английский язык хорошо, свободно на нём общаетесь, то, скорее всего, ваш уровень Advanced. К сожалению, просто свободного английского вам недостаточно, даже если вы уверенно общаетесь с иностранцами, можете понять весь фильм на иностранном языке, читаете книги в оригинале и без затруднений выражаете свои мысли. На продвинутом уровне важно говорить без ошибок. Очень хорошего словарного запаса вам не достаточно. Хороший активный вокабуляр нужен и на Upper Intermediate, а чтобы иметь Advanced level, необходимо уверенное знание грамматики. Большое количество грамматических ошибок в предложении, свидетельствует о том, что вы всё ещё Upper.

Как доказать себе и окружающим, что вы Advanced? Какая грамматика и навыки требуются на продвинутом уровне?

Список разделов грамматики, которую необходимо знать:

Tenses

1 Present simple (I do) and present continuous (I am doing) (1)

2 Present simple (I do) and present continuous (I am doing) (2)

3 Present perfect (I have done) and past simple (I did) (1)

4 Present perfect (I have done) and past simple (I did) (2)

5 Present perfect (I have done) and past simple (I did) (3): adverbs used with these tenses

6 Past continuous (I was doing) and past simple (I did)

7 Present perfect continuous (I have been doing)

8 Present perfect continuous (I have been doing) and present perfect (I have done)

9 Past perfect (I had done) and past simple (I did)

10 Past perfect continuous (I had been doing) and past perfect (I had done)

The future

11 Will and going to; shall

12 Present continuous (I am doing) for the future and going to

13 Present simple (I do) for the future

14 Future continuous (will be doing)

15 Be to + infinitive (I am to do), future perfect (I will have done),

and future perfect continuous (I will have been doing)

16 The future seen from the past (was going to, etc.)

Modals

17 Should and ought to

18 Will and would: willingness, likelihood and certainty

19 Will and would: habits; used to

20 May, might, can and could: possibility (1)

21 May, might, can and could: possibility (2)

22 Can, could, and be able to: ability

23 Must and have (got) to

24 Need(n’t), don’t have to and mustn’t

25 Permission, offers, etc.

Be, have, do, make, etc.

26 Linking verbs: be, appear, seem; become, get, etc.

27 Have and have got; have and take

28 Do and make

Passives

29 Forming passive sentences

30 Using passives

31 Verb + -ing or to-infinitive: passive forms

32 Reporting with passive verbs

Questions

33 Forming questions; reporting questions

34 Asking and answering negative questions

35 Wh-questions with how, what, which and who

Verbs: infinitives, -ing forms, etc.

36 Verbs with and without objects

37 Verb + to-infinitive or bare infinitive

38 Verb + to-infinitive or -ing?

39 Verb + -ing

40 Verb + wh-clause

41 Have/get something done; want something done, etc.

42 Verb + two objects

Reporting

43 Reporting people’s words and thoughts

44 Reporting statements (1): that-clauses

45 Reporting statements (2): verb tense in that-clauses

46 Reporting statements (3): verb tense in the reporting clause; say and tell; etc.

47 Reporting offers, suggestions, orders, intentions, etc.

48 Should in that-clauses

49 Modal verbs in reporting

Nouns and compounds

50 Countable and uncountable nouns

51 Agreement between subject and verb (1)

52 Agreement between subject and verb (2)

53 The possessive form of nouns (Jane’s mother)

54 Compound nouns (1)

55 Compound nouns (2)

Articles

56 A/an and one

57 The and a/an (1):’the only one’

58 The and a/an (2): ‘things already known’, etc.

59 Some and zero article with plural and uncountable nouns

60 The, zero article and a/an: ‘things in general’

61 People and places

62 Holidays, times of the day, meals, etc.

Determiners and quantifiers

63 Some and any; something, somebody, etc.

64 Much (of), many (of), a lot of, lots (of), etc.

65 All (of), the whole (of), both (of)

66 Each (of), every, and all

67 No, none (of), and not any

68 Few, a few (of), little, a little (of), etc.

69 Quantifiers with and without ‘of (some/some of; any/any of; etc.)

Relative clauses and other types of clause

70 Relative clauses (1) (The girl who I was talking about.)

71 Relative clauses (2) (Tom, who is only six, can speak three languages.)

72 Relative clauses (3): other relative pronouns

73 Relative clauses (4): prepositions in relative clauses

74 Participle clauses (-ing, -ed and being + -ed)

75 Participle clauses with adverbial meaning

Pronouns, substitution and leaving out words

76 Reflexive pronouns: herself, himself, themselves, etc.

77 One and ones (There’s my car — the green one.)

78 So (I think so; so I hear)

79 Do so; such

80 Leaving out words after auxiliary verbs

81 Leaving out to-infinitives (She didn’t want to (go).)

Adjectives

82 Adjectives: position (1)

83 Gradable and ungradable adjectives; position (2)

84 Adjectives and adverbs

85 Participle adjectives (the losing ticket; the selected winners)

86 Prepositions after adjectives: afraid of/for, etc.

87 Adjectives + that-clause or to-infinitive

88 Comparison with adjectives (1): -er/more…; enough, sufficiently, too; etc.

89 Comparison with adjectives (2): as…as; so…as to; etc.

Adverbs and conjunctions

90 Position of adverbs

91 Adverbs of place, indefinite frequency, and time

92 Degree adverbs: very, too, extremely, quite, etc.

93 Comment adverbs; viewpoint adverbs; focus adverbs

94 Adverbial clauses of time (1): verb tense; before and until; hardly, etc.

95 Adverbial clauses of time (2): as, when and while

96 Giving reasons: as, because, because of, etc.; for and with

97 Purposes and results: in order to, so as to, etc.

98 Contrasts: although and though; even though/if; in spite of and despite

99 Conditional sentences (1): verb tenses

100 Conditional sentences (2)

101 If…not and unless; if and whether, etc.

102 After waiting…, before leaving…, besides owning…, etc.

103 Connecting ideas between and within sentences

Prepositions

104 At, in and on: prepositions of place

105 Across, along, over and through; above, over, below and under

106 Between, among; by, beside, etc.

107 At, in and on: prepositions of time

108 During, for, in, over, and throughout; by and until

109 Except (for), besides, apart from and but for

110 About and on; by and with

111 Prepositions after verbs (1)

112 Prepositions after verbs (2)

113 Prepositions after verbs (3)

114 Two- and three-word verbs: word order

Organising information

115 There is, there was, etc.

116 It… (1)

117 It… (2)

118 Focusing: it-clauses and what-clauses

119 Inversion (1)

120 Inversion (2)

Как вы можете видеть, требования к Advanced строги. Но большинство грамматики вы уже наверняка прошли на предыдущих уровнях. Поэтому, отчаиваться не стоит. Имея Advanced level можно смело сдавать любые экзамены, например TOEFL и IELTS. Уже можно работать учителем, а так же сдать экзамен CELTA.